Why Upstairs is Hotter than Downstairs
Hot Air Rises
The most basic answer. Hot air rises, and your upstairs deals with the consequences.
Most multi-story homes are designed with this in mind. The ventilation system, and especially the heating and cooling systems, should already be built to counter this natural force. With that being said, the upstairs can still be uncomfortable if those systems aren’t functioning properly.
If there is an air conditioner on the first floor and nowhere else, the home is going to be working too hard to push conditioned air throughout the entire building. Sometimes upstairs floors are not designed for the best possible airflow. If the upstairs floors have few windows and a lot of hallway space between fenestrations, the whole floor’s airflow can suffer.
Heat Seeks Out Cold
The less common answer, but just as critical as the first one. Hot air doesn’t just rise — it actually seeks out colder environments.
It’s actually the second law of thermodynamics. Put simply, heat naturally tries to balance the temperature in any environment. This means that the warm air will always “chase” the colder air, constantly seeking that equilibrium. If a home is air conditioned during a hot summer, and you open a window, the hot air from outside is going to come rushing into the cooler environment.
When it comes to a hot upstairs environment, this property works the same way. Except it’s not just windows and outside air that you must worry about. The temperatures between different rooms will constantly try to balance out, as the heat from hotter rooms seeks out the cooler environments.
This is most notable in the case of attics. Since attics are often under-insulated, poorly sealed, and poorly ventilated, the temperature environment can be drastically different in an attic than in the rest of the home. During the summer, this leads to the hot air from the attic seeking out the cooler, conditioned floors below. This makes it harder for your cooling system to do its job efficiently, driving up energy costs and bringing down home comfort.
Poor Sealing, Insulation, and Ventilation
Hotspots can be a pesky and frustrating part of the summer experience. In order to cool the upstairs in summer, it’s important to know why these hot spots are present.
One of the biggest reasons the upstairs gets so hot is that the current sealing, insulation, and ventilation systems are not working correctly.
On the sealing side of things, gaps in the home’s structure can go unnoticed and quickly add up, causing air conditioning to be wasted. Moreover, many homes are not only under-insulated, but under-insulated where it matters the most (in spots like the crawl space and the attic). To top it all off, improper ventilation can result in an inadequate amount of airflow, making it difficult to stay cool naturally.
These three systems are meant to work cohesively and create a controlled home environment. While they work inefficiently in many homes, there are specific steps that can be taken to ensure each system is working to its maximum capacity.
How To Cool Upstairs In Summer
On a room-to-room level, there are a few solutions that can be implemented. Fans and air conditioners are the most common solutions; these fall into the category of spot ventilation, which are ventilation solutions made to fix specific “spots” in the home.
In order to improve the entire upstairs’ comfort levels though, more significant improvements need to be taken. It starts with addressing one of the biggest sources of home energy inefficiency: the attic.
Improve the Air Sealing, Insulation, and Ventilation of the Attic
When it comes to a home’s energy efficiency, attics need to be the first place that you look. So much of a home’s temperature control is reliant on the quality of the attic’s sealing, insulation, and ventilation.
When any one of these three components is off, the others suffer, and it creates a less comfortable and more costly home environment.
One of the biggest improvements comes from sealing and insulating the attic access, one of the biggest sources of air leakage in the home. When the attic and attic access are not properly sealed and insulated, the hot air coming in through the roof can leak into the lower floors of the home. Combine this with the hot air rising from the lower floors, and you’re looking at a perfect recipe for uncomfortable upstairs environments. Other common areas for air leaks are recessed lighting and ductwork in the attic.
Ideally, the heat that transfers through the roof should never make it past the attic. This is where innovative solutions like multi-layer insulation and solar attic fans can provide immense value. These products, in conjunction with proper air sealing techniques, prevent heat from moving into the upstairs living space by reflecting it back towards its source, and exhausting it out of the home entirely. Through these methods, homeowners can take their entire upstairs’ comfort to a new level.
Attics are also prime candidates for lackluster ventilation systems.
When attic ventilation is sub-par, it makes it difficult for equilibrium to be reached across the home’s indoor rooms. Homes can also have a few different kinds of ventilation systems in play. Each home’s ventilation system is a bit different, but a qualified healthy home inspection professional will be able to determine how effective each home’s ventilation is performing.
When the attic is properly sealed, insulated, and ventilated, you can create a secure and controlled attic environment. This allows for a more energy efficient attic, which in turn allows for the lower floors to be more controllable.
How To Further Cool Down A Hot Room
Once the larger, more significant sources of upstairs heat have been addressed through the attic, it may be valuable to add additional hotspot solutions to certain rooms with unique conditions.
If there is one upstairs room that, by design, will always receive more heat than other rooms, more unique solutions may be applicable. Rooms with bigger windows, rooms that receive more direct sunlight, or rooms that don’t have good access to the rest of the floor’s airflow are prime contenders.
In these instances, additional fans or exhaust vents are often recommended. These forms of ventilation are referred to as spot ventilation, and while they are most commonly referred to in the context of kitchens or bathrooms, upstairs rooms are no stranger to them.
Here are some additional products and solutions that can help provide cooling. Reminder: These products won’t fix the source of the problem, but can help provide additional comfort.
Install Ceiling Fans
Ceiling fans don’t actually reduce the temperature of a room. However, the air they circulate can make a room feel three to four degrees cooler. By setting the thermostat a little higher to take advantage of the fan’s air circulation, you can save up 30 to 40 percent on your utility bill.
Switch your light bulbs to LED
When you’re running fans or an air conditioner this summer, having burning-hot incandescent bulbs just makes it harder to manage the heat. LEDs run much cooler than incandescent bulbs and significantly cooler than CFLs.
Studies have measured the difference and found that an incandescent bulb ran at 327 degrees! Whereas an LED bulb was measured at 107 degrees. Switching out light bulbs is an easy DIY project that can deliver great benefits and make your rooms feel cooler
Add Energy Efficient Window Film
Window film helps block radiant heat flow, keeping hot air out in the summer and making it easier for your air conditioner to do its job. This is especially beneficial in homes with older or inexpensive windows that aren’t very efficient in blocking heat or UV rays.
Use insulated window shades or curtains
Does your upstairs get very hot during the summer? Do you spend more money than you would like on cooling? If so, energy efficiency in your window treatments is a must-have feature for you. As your cooled air dissipates, you lose energy and money. Up to 20 percent of this dissipation happens through your windows which means having the right shades can really keep the cool in.
The HVAC System
Now days as technology has advanced there are many ways we can make the upstairs or rooms more comfortable without having to rip up walls and run new duct work. We at the heating and air conditioning experts have solved this issue with new smart thermostats with room sensors. They work by measuring both the room temp and the downstairs temp where the thermostat is and average between the two temperatures to keep the upstairs cooling. Or wireless thermostats that can be carried around the house to where ever you are, that way the thermostat reads the room temp of the rooms you are actually in and the HVAC system keeps running until the set point on the thermostat is reached. One of these in conjunction with all of the other suggestions done above will make your home comfortable throughout.
We hear at The Heating and Air Conditioning Experts can help with this issue. Along with a properly insulated and sealed house is the HVAC system. If the HVAC System is not working up to par, the upstairs part of the house is going to struggle to stay cool. Give us a call (724) 989 8569 and we can help get your upstairs cooling and comfortable like the rest of the house.